Kenya has been named the Cradle of Mankind, since the earliest remains resembling a human being were found in East Africa on the shores of Lake Turkana in Northern Kenya. There are records that about 1.8 billion years ago, ancestral hominids were living on these lake shores. Discoveries by the Leakey family and in particular Richard altered previous anthropological views when he un earthed evidence establishing man’s earliest ancestors lived in Kenya’s Rift Valley.
Oral and linguistic evidence indicates that Kenya has also been the centre of three major land migrations routes through Africa and, beginning around 2000 B.C, successive waves of Cushitic, Bantu and Nilotic people passed through, bringing with them toolmaking and agricultural skills. These are the ancestors of many ethnic communities who make up modern Kenya – the Cushites from the North some 9000 years ago, the Bantu from the western forests around 1000 AD and at the end of the 16thcentury, the Nilotes from the area of what is now Sudan.
Around the 16h century at the coast, the